What are the Seven Summits?

What are the Seven Summits?

seven-sunmmitsThe Seven Summits are a group of peaks composed of each of the highest mountain peaks of each of the seven continents.

The Seven Summits consist of:

Asia: Mount Everest

Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in Tibet as Chomolungma, is the Earth’s highest mountain. It is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. Its peak is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level[1] and is the 5th furthest point from the center of the Earth.[6]

South America: Aconcagua

Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Western and Southern Hemispheres at 6,960.8 metres (22,837 ft).[1] It is located in the Andes mountain range, in the province of Mendoza, Argentina, and lies 112 kilometres (70 mi) northwest of its capital, the city of Mendoza. The summit is also located about 5 kilometres from San Juan Province and 15 kilometres from the international border with Chile.

North America: Mount McKinley

Mount McKinley, [native name Denali (Koyukon Athabaskan for “The High One”, Dghelaayce’e in Ahtna)] is the highest mountain peak in North America, with a summit elevation of 20,237 feet (6,168 m) above sea level. At some 18,000 feet (5,500 m), the base-to-peak rise is considered the largest of any mountain situated entirely above sea level.[6] Measured by topographic prominence, it is the third most prominent peak after Mount Everest and Aconcagua. Located in the Alaska Range in the interior of US state of Alaska, McKinley is the centerpiece of Denali National Park and Preserve.

Africa: Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira, is a dormant volcanic mountain in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895 metres or 19,341 feet above sea level (the Uhuru Peak/Kibo Peak).

Europe: Mount Elbrus

Mount Elbrus is a dormant volcano located in the western Caucasus mountain range, in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay–Cherkessia of Russia, near the border with Georgia. Mt. Elbrus’s peak is the highest in the Caucasus Mountains and in Europe.

Antarctica: Mount Vinson

Vinson Massif is the highest mountain of Antarctica, lying in the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains, which stand above the Ronne Ice Shelf near the base of the Antarctic Peninsula. The massif is located about 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) from the South Pole and is about 21 km (13 mi) long and 13 km (8.1 mi) wide. At 4,892 metres (16,050 ft) the highest point is Mount Vinson, which was named in 2006 after Carl Vinson, long-time member of the U.S. Congress from the state of Georgia.

Australia (Continent): Carstensz Pyramid / Puncak Jaya

The highest mountain in the Australian continent which includes Australia and New Guinea is Puncak Jaya, 4,884 m (16,024 ft) above sea level, in the Indonesian province of Papua on the island of New Guinea which lies on the Australian continental shelf. Puncak Jaya is also known as Carstensz Pyramid.


Source:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Summits

In the News: Combat Wounded Vets climb Mt. Kilimanjaro to Assist Research

In the News: Combat Wounded Vets climb Mt. Kilimanjaro to Assist Research

kilimanjaro-combat-wounded-veteransSome Pinellas County wounded veterans are all missing limbs or battling traumatic brain injuries but that didn’t stop them from climbing a mountain for the sake of inspiration and research.

Climbing up Africa’s highest peak is an incredible challenge for anyone but retired staff Sgt. Pete Quintanilla took on Mount Kilimanjaro as an amputee.

Quintanilla recently set out on a mission with other vets through the Combat Wounded Veteran Challenge to prove their limitations aren’t so limiting after all.

“I actually was able to walk up without any physical issues, as far as my prosthetic leg,” said Pete Quintanilla via Skype.

He said they were joined by researchers from St. Petersburg College, including Arlene Gillis to see firsthand how far the men could go.

“For prosthetics, socket fit is a huge factor when it comes to patient success so we were monitoring volume changes under extreme conditions (like temperature changes),” said Gillis.

Researchers tracked their progress on how their prosthetics held up.

“That was the whole goal of this trip to assess what is causing the shrinking and swelling and assess different ways to control it,” said Ted Graves, prosthetics research student. “We feel it’s our duty to do this research and help others.”

And it’s not just about research or the challenge but also to inspire other wounded veterans.

“I’m able to go out and tell others who have the same injury as myself or some of my teammates, anything in life – you can accomplish anything,” said Quintanilla.

Researchers at St. Petersburg College say they’re working with Florida State University and the Department of Veterans Affairs to improve prosthetics.


Source: http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/2/19/wounded_vets_climb_m.html

In the news:  Kilimanjaro Beckons Combat Wounded Warriors

In the news: Kilimanjaro Beckons Combat Wounded Warriors

news-will-before-kilimanjaroAs reported by Howard Altman, Tampa Tribune

Dan Swank lies down on a big ottoman in the living room of a waterfront estate and rolls up his pants.

“I’m nervous,” he says as a St. Petersburg College graduate student measures the stump of his right leg. “Wicked nervous.”

Nine years ago, an insurgent in Afghanistan tossed a grenade into Swank’s Humvee. The injuries forced amputation below the right knee and severely damaged his left leg.

Now, in about 48 hours, Swank and 13 others will be climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest peak.

He is part of the Combat Wounded Veteran Challenge, which leaves from Tampa today to conduct groundbreaking research on the effects of stress, extreme weather and altitude on prosthetics, post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury.

Swank has some concerns about how the stress of the trek will affect his stump, which is sealed with skin grafts.

“The skin grafts break easily,” he says.

But concern doesn’t mean hesitation.

“I don’t know how my body will handle this,” Swank says. “But I’m going.”

On a chilly Friday morning, the gated estate off Anclote Road owned by Carol Martin has been turned into a de facto military encampment.

Gear is piled up, and last-minute instructions are given.

Martin, a private benefactor who has bankrolled the expeditions, says she doesn’t mind.

“These men have sacrificed so much,” says Martin, who will travel to Tanzania but not climb.

“This is like any other military mission,” says Dave Olson, the retired Navy captain from Palm Harbor who created the organization and is in charge of the trek, which is scheduled to begin Tuesday and end on Jan. 29. “There is purpose, mission and end state.”

Because of severe weather and extreme altitude, a trek up 19,340-foot Kilimanjaro is arduous for an average climber. But this group consists of men missing limbs, one suffering from traumatic brain injury, and most experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder.

“The terrain is not that demanding if you have two functioning legs,” says Colby Coombs, founder of the Alaska Mountaineering School, who will lead the climb up the peak they call Kili. “But it is quite demanding if you have prosthetics.”

With driving rains, blinding snow, howling winds and a lack of oxygen at high altitude, climbing Kili “is like trying to shovel your driveway while wearing a garbage bag over your head,” Coombs says.

It is challenging enough to serve as a remote lab for Arlene Gilles, program director for the J.E. Hanger College of Orthotics and Prosthetics at St. Petersburg College.

Gilles and graduate student Ted Graves, 31, an Air Force veteran, are going along to measure the effects of extreme heat, cold, stress and altitude on the prosthetics.

The veterans taking part have some of the most advanced artificial limbs available — like the X2 system being used by Army Staff Sgt. Tom Costello, 30, who lost his right leg above the knee to an improvised explosive device in Afghanistan on Sept. 20, 2011.

The most sensitive part of the artificial limb is the socket that fits over the stump.

Though they are form-fitted, prosthetics don’t adjust to the rigors of exertion. As the stump swells and shrinks, the skin can become chaffed and bleed and, in some cases, the artificial limb can fall off because of changes in the size of the stump.

Gilles and Graves are taking along an electronic device that will measure the stump sizes. The measurements will be taken twice a day to help researchers one day devise adjustable sockets.

Coombs stands on the estate’s wraparound porch inspecting the wide array of equipment the climbers will take with them, everything from several layers of clothing to sunscreen, lip balm, gloves, hats and toilet paper.

Kneeling down, going through his kit, Army Sgt. 1st Class Michael Rodriguez points out an unusual piece of gear: his son’s Kindle Fire e-reader.

During the climb, Rodriguez will use the Kindle to answer a series of questions that will test his cognitive skills and memory.

“Over the course of my 20 years in the military, I have experienced traumatic brain injury,” Rodriguez says.

The damage is so severe that his eyes don’t focus together, he has trouble hearing and his memory is hazy.

Rodriguez will turn over the data he collects to Stephen Scott, director of the Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center at the James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital in Tampa, who will use it to help find treatments for traumatic brain injury.

Most members of theteam have experienced post-traumatic stress disorder, either as the result of combat, adjusting to life after injury or both.

Tom Barnhill, working toward a master’s degree in adventure-based therapy at Prescott College in Arizona, is going along to study whether the climb has any therapeutic benefits for those with PTSD.

The hypothesis, says Barnhill, is that for those who experienced combat, getting together as a team — under physical and mental stress to reach a common goal — will be “beneficial for the reduction of PTSD symptoms.”Barnhill conducted “baseline” studies of the climbers before leaving, checking for resilience, depression and adjustment to injury. He will conduct the same tests after the climbers return and again probably six months later.

Barnhill is well-suited for the trip.

He has more than two decades of wilderness adventure experience, spending his free time climbing, skiing, snowboarding, paddling and surfing. He spent nearly a year in Antarctica with Operation Deep Freeze, U.S. military operations in the South Pole.

Gilles, on the other hand, is making her first mountain climb.

“Yes, I am nervous,” she says in between measuring the prosthetic strides of Costello, retired Navy Master Chief Petty Officer Will Wilson, 52, retired Army Staff Sgt. Pete Quintanilla, 32, and Swank. “But I am leaving my family and the comforts of my home because these men gave so much for me.”

The climbers are going to carry an Explorers Club flag to the summit.

“Founded in New York City in 1904, The Explorers Club promotes the scientific exploration of land, sea, air, and space” through support of scientific research, according to the group’s website.

Aida “Idee” Belau, the club’s Florida chapter chairwoman, says the Kilimanjaro mission was approved by the club after a rigorous selection process because the studies being undertaken are so important.

Belau is going along, too, but not just as an Explorers Club official.

“I am going to be lugging a lot of photographic equipment.”

The trip to Kilimanjaro is the second major expedition for Olson’s Combat Wounded Veteran Challenge. In 2011, there was the Mount Denali climb in Alaska.

Also on that mission were Wilson, who lost his right leg below the knee after an accident in 2003 aboard the aircraft carrier Enterprise, and retired Army Staff Sgt. Victor “Yeti” Thibeault, who was in the Humvee with Swank and lost most of his left hand.

They have advice for the new climbers.

“Don’t keep secrets,” Wilson says.

Everyone has different skills, different strengths and will have bad moments, he says. By sharing what they are experiencing, the team will be safer and stronger.

“I’m just glad there are no crevasses,” says Thibeault, 31, who fell into several on Denali.

In addition to the science, he says, this climb is about hope.

“There are a lot of wounded in hospitals who have no idea they can do this,” he says. “We are showing that it can be done.”


Reported by: haltman@tampatrib.com (813) 259-7629

Source: http://tbo.com/list/military-news/kilimanjaro-beckons-wounded-warriors-611069